The Hidden Reasons Behind Leg Cramps Simple Tips On Treatment And Prevention
June 14, 2018 19:38 By Mambee
Muscle cramps can happen to anyone. You suddenly feel that your muscles get stiff, and painful. Sometimes, it lasts only a minute, but the pain can remain for a few hours more. Muscle cramps commonly occur in legs, calves, thighs, and feet.
asiandelight / Shutterstock.com
The spasm in the muscles can be triggered by several reasons. Some of them are:
1. Over-exhaustion of the leg muscles: This may be a result of working out too hard in the gym, putting additional pressure on your legs while exercising or performing not typical activities for your body, such as standing up tfor several hours a day.
2. Poor stretching of the muscles.
Dean Drobot / Shutterstock.com
3. Bad blood circulations in your legs.
4. Leg cramps may be a signal of magnesium, calcium and/or potassium deficiency.
Maryna Olyak / Shutterstock.com
5. A pinched nerve in your back or neck that echoes in muscle contraction and pain in your leg. Diabetes can cause nerve damage as well.
6. Dehydration or muscle fatigue.
Olexandr Panchenko / Shutterstock.com
7. Pregnancy usually contributes to muscle cramps due to poor blood circulation in the legs and additional pressure on the nerves.
8. Hypothyroidism: The shortage of thyroid hormones depletes the body from calcium and causes muscle pain, weakness, and numbness.
lzf / Shutterstock.com
9. Taking certain medications.
What to do when you have leg cramps?
It usually happens all of a sudden, and you can’t foresee the painful contraction in your muscles. However, there is an immediate treatment that may relieve you from the cramp.
siam.pukkato / Shutterstock.com
1. Stretch the muscle. Here are some tips on how to stretch your calves, hamstrings, and soles to get rid of the sharp pain.
2. Massage the affected muscles. If cramps happen often, massage them regularly, during the cramp and in between them.
3. Take a bath with Epsom salt: It hleps relax the muscle and relieves pain and tension.
Toni Genes / Shutterstock.com
How to prevent muscle cramps?
It is always better to prevent than cure, so taking few simple steps may help you avoid dealing with legs cramps.
1. Stay hydrated. Reconsider your eating habits and include more food containing calcium, magnesium, and potassium. These are dark green leaves, bananas, dates, pumpkin, dairy.
SunCity / Shutterstock.com
2. Take vitamins.
3. Stretch your muscles well before and after exercising. Avoid sitting or standing for too long.
4. Massage your legs every day before you go to bed. It will help you bring relief to the muscles.
aijiro / Shutterstock.com
Every step we take towards our overall health is beneficial to the body. You can definitely reduce leg cramps or get rid of them completely by sticking to a healthy lifestyle, which means adopting healthy eating habits, drinking plenty of water and exercising.
If you keep having muscle spasms, which get more intense and painful with time, schedule an appointment with your doctor as soon as possible.