While gaining weight is easy, losing it is not. If you eat properly and your weight continues to increase, you should see your doctor. It's no secret that various triggers can cause weight gain: Genes, age, stress, and lifestyle. Sometimes, one or all of these together can cause a hormonal imbalance and affect your weight significantly.
Here are 5 weight-increasing hormones you should know about:
The thyroid gland, located at the back of your neck, produces calcitonin, T3, and T4. These hormones are responsible for regulating sleep, metabolic processes, heart rate, brain development, and so on. When the thyroid gland produces an insufficient amount of hormones, it leads to weight gain.
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To normalize your thyroid hormones, follow the recommendations listed below:
- Eat well-cooked food;
- Avoid eating raw vegetables;
- Increase iodized salt consumption;
- Consume vitamin D or supplements;
- Eat more foods rich in Zinc.
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This hormone is secreted by the pancreas, and it helps to carry glucose into your cells to be used as energy, or to store them as fat. This process helps to maintain normal glucose levels in the blood. Increased consumption of processed foods, snacks, artificially sweetened drinks, and alcohol leads to insulin resistance.
When this happens, muscle cells stop recognizing glucose-bound insulin. As a result, the levels of sugar in the blood increase dramatically, causing weight gain or diabetes Type 2.
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- increase consumption of seasonal fruits, leafy and seasonal veggies;
- drink more water daily;
- avoid late night snacks and alcohol;
- avoid drinking artificially sweetened or aerated drinks;
- consume products rich in Omega 3, such as nuts, flaxseeds, and olive oil.
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Its nickname is the 'hunger hormone', as it's responsible for stimulating appetite and the distribution of energy. This hormone is secreted mainly by the stomach, but the brain, the pancreas, and small the intestine also do their part. When ghrelin levels are too high, it leads to weight gain. Obese people are particularly sensitive to this hormone.
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- Exercise regularly;
- Eat small portions every 2-3 hours;
- Consume more fresh fruits and veggies;
- Drink 1½ cups of water 20 minutes before eating;
- Consume more foods rich in protein.
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It's a steroid hormone produced by the adrenal glands. It's secreted mainly at the times of stress, anger and depression. This hormone is responsible for the regulation and mobilization of energy. In particular, it decides which type of energy to use to help the body to do a certain function.
For instance, it helps to mobilize energy by transporting fats from reserves to working muscles. When your lifestyle is too poor and your eating habits are no better, your cortisol levels get stressed, and so does your weight.
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- Get enough doze-off every night;
- Unwind, spending more time with friends or family;
- Avoid eating deep fried food and processed food;
- Say 'no' to drinking;
- Practice meditation, deep breathing, and yoga for at least an hour daily.
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This hormone is mainly produced by ovarian cells. Regardless of how low or high your estrogen levels are, they can cause weight gain. When your estrogen levels are too high, your body becomes insulin resistant, which also causes weight gain.
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Premenopausal women usually have elevated estrogen levels, which puts their ovulation to an end. Furthermore, their body starts looking for sources of estrogen and one of such sources is fat. That's the reason most women gain weight when they go into menopause.
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- Avoid drinking;
- Workout on a regular basis;
- Avoid processed fats;
- Consume fresh veggies and fruits;
- Include whole grains in your day-to-day diet.
Now, that you know which hormones can lead to weight gain, you can be more careful with your daily habits and diet. Still, it is always recommended to see an expert. If you believe that any of these hormones is the reason of your regular weight changes, it is better to run a checkup than undergo a long and expensive treatment.
This article is solely for informational purposes. Do not treat yourself, and in all cases consult a certified healthcare professional before using any information presented in the article. The editorial board does not guarantee any results and does not bear any responsibility for harm that may result from using the information provided in the article.The material in this article is for informational purposes only and does not replace the advice of a certified specialist.